GUANACASTE CONSERVATION AREA

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1. SANTA ROSA NATIONAL PARK

PN Santa Rosa. Foto: Roberto RamosSanta Rosa has one of the largest protected dry forests in Central America. This forest is characterized by its marked difference during the wet and dry season when it loses most of its foliage. This area of the coast is covered with red mangroves as well as other mangrove vegetation species.

You may find the stone yard in the park, along with the Santa Rosa Historical Mansion Museum, which was created as a National Monument. In Santa Rosa, the most important battle took place against the incoming North American filibusters from Nicaragua. The site has also been the scene of other historic battles.

LOCATION: The Santa Rosa National Park is located in Guanacaste.

SERVICES OFFERED: Potable water, a lookout point, a camping area, restroom services, general information, hiking trails, a biological station, food services, a conference room, and housing for researchers.

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2. RINCON DE LA VIEJA NATIONAL PARK

PN Rincon de la Vieja. Foto: Roberto RamosApproximately 600,000 years old, the Rincón de la Vieja massif is a compound structure where nine volcanic centers have been identified.

On the southern side of the volcano, visitors may find the hot springs zone, fumarole lagoons, mud pots, and steam emanations. They say that Rincón de la Vieja volcanic activity was the main natural attraction for ancient seamen in the area.

LOCATION: Situated in Liberia (Guanacaste) and Upala (Alajuela), its location is in the massif with the same name, Rincón de la Vieja.

SERVICES OFFERED: General information, lookout points, a camping area, picnic area, hiking trails, waterfalls, and hot springs in some areas.

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3. GUANACASTE NATIONAL PARK

PN Guanacaste. Foto: Roberto RamosThis park is considered an altitudinal biological corridor that allows for the seasonal migration of a large number of species including insects, birds, and mammals; they come down to Santa Rosa during the dry season and ascend to the high areas including the Orosi Volcano and the Cacao volcano.

LOCATION: The Guanacaste National Park is made up of three sectors: Martiza, Pitilla, and Cacao, where biological stations are located for scientists and enthusiasts.

SERVICES OFFERED: Food and lodging services for researchers, hiking trails, and meeting rooms (Prior reservation is required).

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4. BAHÍA JUNQUILLAL WILDLIFE REFUGE

RVS Bahia Junquillal. Foto: Roberto RamosThis refuge brings together ecological aspects of the dry forest and the area's local culture, featuring a scenic beach that stretches for over a mile. It is known as Junquillal because it belonged to Ranchos Horizontes who, in 1988, donated the property to be dedicated to environmental conservation.

Its vegetation is made up of secondary communities and trees remaining from the original dry forest.

LOCATION: Located in La Cruz, Guanacaste.

SERVICES OFFERED: General information, a camping area, potable water, restroom services, a picnic area, hiking trails, and parking.

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